Old Maps

Home   Devon County   Harberton Parish   Harberton Village   Tristford   Cholwell

You see below the first version of this Old Maps feature. Please use the Contact us facility for any comments.

If you share my fascination for old maps, particularly of our local area, please read on. 

Comparison of maps from different periods can reveal many points of interest such as changes in residential areas, differences in spellings of place names, even changes in road patterns from the earlier maps - see Technical tips for comparing images. In all cases below, you can click a thumbnail to open an enlarged view in a separate new window.

Devon County

Harberton shown on the 1575 Saxton map of Devon

The earliest printed map of the County of Devon was published by Saxton in 1575 as part of his Atlas of England and Wales in 1575. In total, 117 different maps of the county were published between 1575 and 1837. A further 65 different maps appeared during the Victorian period 1838-1901. The statute mile (1760 yards) was not finalised until 1685. No roads  were clearly shown on any maps of Devon up to 1695.

Until the Ordnance Survey (formally founded in 1791), only Saxton and Donn (publ. 1765) produced surveys of any importance of the whole county. Most of the other maps are copies of one form or another. In 1809, Devon was the second Ordnance Survey county map to be published.

For anyone interested in the history of mapping, and the mapping of Devon in particular, two wonderful reference books (both available from Devon County Library) written by Kit Batten and Francis Bennett are a must: "The Printed Maps of Devon, County Maps 1575-1837" (ISBN 0861149009), publ. 1996, and "The Victorian Maps of Devon, County Maps 1838-1901" (ISBN 1855227568), publ. 2000, both by Devon Books. These contain illustrations of every single county map published.

Top

Harberton Parish (part only)

The following three maps cover the same area - the Harberton side of the parish = Harberton electoral roll area (above the orange line and inside the blue line in the right-hand image below which essentially defines the area of coverage of this website and of the Harberton Email Circulation).

Click a thumbnail for an enlarged view in a separate window.

lr_parish_gw1825.jpg (89996 bytes) lr_parish1883.jpg (65613 bytes) lr_os_parish_honly.jpg (63777 bytes)
1825 Greenwood ca. 1883 ?? Current OS, with Harberton boundary indicated

Look carefully at the area immediately north of Harberton, where Tristford and Cholwell are today. Tristford was built around 1849 near the site of a mediaeval farm called Hele Pane Barton, presumably the 'Hales' in the 1825 map, while 'Chiles' must be (Higher) Cholwell. The 1883 map does not yet show the new Tristford, but the corresponding area is incorrectly labelled 'Cholwell', while the actual Cholwell area further north-west is unlabelled. 

Top

Harberton Village

The following four maps cover Harberton village up to Gills Cross.
Click a thumbnail for an enlarged view in a separate window.

vill1842.jpg (31306 bytes) vill1904.jpg (49038 bytes) vill1963.jpg (37919 bytes) vill1995.jpg (63261 bytes)
1842 1904 1963 1995

Amongst other things, the tithe map from 1842 shows "Fleas Alley" where St Clement's Terrace now stands, other buildings pre-dating Lanoria Cottages, a single block of buildings comprising the old Garden Terrace and Fore Street (where Church Court now stand) and other buildings beside the Church House Inn.
The 1904 map shows various changes, including the presence of the Post Office at Tillyland.
1963 shows the Post Office relocated to Post Office Corner at the bottom of the village (this change probably occurred early in the century), and the addition of Pendarves.
Finally, the map published in 1995 (but showing a status from the early 1970s) illustrates the disappearance of the school, but still shows the almshouses and Church Terrace. It also has a minor error, retaining the name Garden Terrace even though the new Church Court complex has already been built on the site adjoining Fore Street. The Post Office remains in the 1963 position.

Top

Tristford

Click a thumbnail for an enlarged view in a separate window.

trist1804.jpg (109490 bytes) lr_trist_1889.gif (12868 bytes) lr_trist_1906.jpg (26554 bytes)
ca. 1804 ca. 1889 ca. 1906

1804 shows the Tristford area well before the estate was set up in Victorian times (Tristford House built in 1849), with mostly open fields except for the second field to the right, north-west of Gills Cross, where Hele Pane Barton farm stood.
Great changes by 1889 with large areas of woodland and a system of driveways. The woodland, long since gone, north of the driveway between Tristford House and its Western Lodge can be clearly seen in an old postcard. This map also details a Flagstaff and Lawn Tennis Ground.
At this time the main driveway swept round to the north of the house and the present-day drive at the back of the house was then just a service access. Clearly visible on the 1906 map are also the two walled gardens, with the heated greenhouses along the north wall of the first.

Top

Cholwell

Click a thumbnail for an enlarged view in a separate window.

cholwell1885.jpg (25019 bytes) cholwell1963.jpg (28762 bytes)
ca. 1825 ca. 1885/1904 ca. 1963

The originally inhabited area of today's Cholwell appears as "Chiles" on an 1825 map. The 1904 map then refers to this as "Old Cholwell" following building of a new farm in 1885 (dated on a roof truss) named here as "Cholwell". As shown in the 1963 map, the latter is now known as "Lower Cholwell", while the original settlement is now "Higher Cholwell".

Top

Technical tips for comparing images

Click each thumbnail to open an enlarged view in a separate new window - you can then flick between these windows by pressing Alt + Tab on your keyboard. This is a Windows keyboard shortcut that allows you to switch between recently opened windows. Alternatively, to examine these images offline at your leisure, right-click on an enlarged map, click Save Picture As, repeat for further images in other windows, then simultaneously open all the images you wish to compare in your graphics editing software where you will probably be able to flick between them by pressing Ctrl + Tab or Ctrl + Shift + Tab (with apologies to non-Windows users, perhaps you could send me your corresponding procedure for inclusion here).

Some map images on this website are produced from the Ordnance Survey Get-a-map service and are reproduced with kind permission of Ordnance Survey and Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland.
Other images may be copyrighted and will be removed from this website immediately upon request from the copyright holder.

Top